Dealing with Depression Depression can be caused due to a variety of reasons, like a tragedy in the family, chemical imbalance in the brain, genetic, substance abuse etc. There is a wide range of symptoms, and the episodes are sometimes mild and at other times severe. In fact many clinicians believe that the disease could have psychological, social and biological reasons combined together, and may be not just one simple reason. It is advised that victims of the disorder would seek proper explanation for the causes, in order to find their way back to happiness and health.
Each individual responds to a treatment in a different way based on his peculiar conditions, genetics, and environment. Treatments work differently on different people. During treatment, to focus completely on any single factor, though it might have largely contributed to the ailment, may not prove very beneficial. Owing to the wide spectrum, and symptoms are not always apparent, the disease becomes a complicated one to diagnose and treat. Research is going on.
Once you start spending more and more time in depression, and your daily life is being affected by that, it is time to sit back and pay attention to the changes you are going through. You can turn to your family for support and first approach a counselor at your school, college or workplace. Mental health specialists like a psychologist or psychiatrist come only later into the picture.
It is difficult to treat a patient of depression, as pessimism, helplessness etc. are a part of the illness, and it may negatively affect the treatment procedure. In course of time, as the treatment becomes effective, the patient develops positive thinking. In order to find the way out of the illness one has to try to fulfill certain simple and reasonable tasks that he sets himself, instead of setting unrealistic goals. It would help to open up to a close friend or family member, instead of withdrawing oneself and being on guard all the time. One has to spend time on exercise and games which gives a feeling of high. Participating in social and religious activities helps improve mood. Depression does not disappear overnight. One has to slowly work his way out and therefore it would be better if vital decisions pertaining to profession and personal life may waits. Important decisions should always be taken after consultation with near and dear ones, or a counselor.
It is the duty of family and friends to get the patient proper diagnosis and effective healing procedure. Keeping him company and monitoring while he is being administered treatment would be useful. Special care may be given to those who use alcohol and drugs, to maintain abstinence. The patient should be provided constant emotional support, which includes affection and understanding.
Patients of depression may be encouraged to be articulate and he may always be given a patient ear. Optimism, hope and a lot of positivism has to be inculcated in the individual and he could be engaged in games, cultural and social activities. Patients may not easily accept invitations to socialize, and they have to be repeatedly coaxed and convinced. A person suffering from the disorder may or may not mention suicide, and references to suicide are not to be ignored. It is difficult for people around the patient to accept the dramatic changes in his personality, and he may often be blamed for not trying enough. All this has to be deliberately avoided.
Cognitive behavioral therapy, rational emotive therapy, interpersonal therapy, psychodynamic approaches etc. are some types of therapeutic approaches used for treatment of patients of depression. One of more type is used on the patient depending on how serious the ailment is. Cognitive behavioral therapy is the one widely used in treatment for depression. This involves techniques focusing on internal dialogues, and stress is laid on the ability of the patient to deal with his state of mind instead of probing the causes.
Cognitive behavioral therapy consists generally up to two dozen sessions; it is not prolonged, and is very helpful for patients who are under immense stress. Researches are being conducted to corroborate the treatments meted out to patients of mental illnesses, as safety and efficiency are the primary concerns. Inadequate treatment, or lack of proper treatment can have devastating effects on the patient's personal and social life, and proper medication and psychological treatment can help in effecting improvement in the patient.
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