VARK is a preferred learning style which is totally dependant on each person. It stands for Visual, Auditory, Read/ Write and Kinaesthetic and is very important to know what kind of learners you will be teaching so you can change your teaching to the appropriate style.
Visual learners prefer to be taught with things written on white boards, flip charts with graphics and colour. These learners tend to be imaginative and artistic, they like to use colours and make their work look interesting.
Auditory learners like to just sit and listen to the trainer, they probably won’t take down any notes as it all just seeps in and if they are busy writing they will miss bits of your teaching.
Read/ Write learners will like all the information written down right in front of them, they will also tend to write a lot of notes so it really sinks in.
Kinaesthetic learners can’t sit down for long and they have a lot of energy. They prefer to be more active in their learning, they would rather be getting involved in the work rather than sitting there listening about the work.
As a trainer it would be useful to know what kind of learner you are, then you should be able to relate to other learners who are like you, plus you know what your strengths and weaknesses are. You may want to think about what kind of trainer you are and then look through your notes and other teaching materials as you may be missing out one or two of the learners above.
Also be aware of the fact that some people know the VARK model as VAK, but most people prefer the R added to the model.
Most of the time if you really need to hammer a point home, you need to repeat the information six times. Now if you do all the above techniques then you have already done it four times, just go over the techniques a few more times and you should have hit that magic number.
Trainer Methods –
To teach the people who are more visual you need to –
• Use DVD’s and online videos
• Produce your own or others relevant photos
• Mind maps are a good idea
• Use as much colour as you can, obviously keeping it all relevant
• Supply handouts
For the learners who are more suited to auditory learning try to –
• Talk about everything, if its an image, talk about it and read all text
• Have discussions with the whole group
• Get your group to pair off or go into smaller groups to discuss the work
• If you have workbooks then read from it, or get others to read from it also
For the learners who swing more towards the read/ write section you will need to –
• Let the learners read from their books or work sheets
• Write on the whiteboard a lot
• Have written tests or quizzes
• Make well thought out written lists
• Ask learners to write essays or short evaluations
And for the learners who prefer to be taught kinaesthetically then you should –
• Have learners arrange presentations
• Provide more energetic, out of your seat, activities.
• Provide real life instruments or relevant pieces for the training purposes
• Have lively music playing in the background
All of these strategies can be mixed together with each other and can end up benefitting more than one type of learner. Of course not everyone is grouped into just one of these types anyway and will more than likely appreciate different parts of each.
Article Source: VARK Learning For Trainers